Preprint / Version 1

Role of public debt in Indian states in the post reform era


  • Subaran Roy O P Jindal Global University
  • Anusree Paul BML Munjal University



Public Debt, Economic Growth, Panel Data, Endogeneity, GMM estimator


The substantial amount of existing literature investigating the debt-growth association for highincome countries show that debt has a negative impact on economic growth or existence of an inverted-U shaped relationship between these two variables on some occasions. Given the lack of literature involving developing economies in this space, our study entirely focuses on a developing country like India. The study examines the empirical relationship between public debt (internal) and State Gross Domestic Product for India in the post reform era. The panel data extends from year 2000 till 2020. Our random error component model findings indicate a positive and significant impact of debt in enhancing the Indian SGDPs for the above-mentioned period. Results are also confirmed by using alternative estimation technique, namely, fixed effect. Next, we address the issue of endogeneity by employing Generalized Method of Moments (GMM). Our results continue to remain robust. Finally, inclusion of other control variables does not alter our findings.


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